Guide on How to Write University Essays, Courseworks, Assignments and Dissertations

Lifelong choices require career management and planning

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Of all the major decisions we make in life, choosing a career justifies the most thorough career management and career planning. It can begin as early as our high-school years when we begin thinking about a college education and continue on to employment choices and personal career growth opportunities later on. Moreover, it generally involves a considerable amount of study, soul-searching, and discussions with parents, teachers and counsellors before we reach an intelligent decision about what we want to make our life’s work.


In years past, many people looked to the company they worked for as offering them a lifelong opportunity with rewards and promotions for performance excellence. Today, things are different due to an insecure and uncertain job market that is always subject to change. As a result, career management is no longer just the interest of a select and privileged few, but a necessary survival skill. The other big difference is that job security isn’t based on tenure and employer loyalty as much as it is on knowledge, skills and added value. Knowing this makes a small investment of your time, money and energy to protect your job a very-worthwhile investment. Career management and career planning are now almost mandatory for everyone. (Wikipedia, 2007).


Why career management and career planning are a must


The need for people to take charge of their learning and careers can’t be over emphasised. That’s because our business organisations are rapidly evolving in a way that makes it necessary for us to keep up with the new knowledge and skills required to perform our jobs effectively. We have to keep learning as new technologies permeate the processes in our businesses, or stand aside for those who have. The only job security at work today is what we know and how well we can utilise it in behalf of the organisation that employs us. Individual employees now must take responsibility for learning and career development throughout their entire careers.


How to prepare and implement a personal development plan

There are four primary steps you can take to embrace career management and career planning successfully. These include:


Self assessment

The first step is to identify and list your current skills, abilities, knowledge and interests. What do you have experience in; what are your natural talents, what do you like? Answer these questions honestly. Then determine what you perceive your weaknesses to be and whether or not overcoming them would be beneficial to you in future employment years.


Define your goals

This goes beyond greater annual earning power and benefits. Identify the new skills, experience and knowledge you need to have and ask yourself if they ‘match up’ with your personal and career ambitions. Do these personal career planning and career management goals coincide with your organisation’s goals and mission in the markets they serve? If not, what do you need to add or change so that they do.


What do you need to learn

This is where you should identify any gap between where you are currently at and where you would like to be. From this you should be able to compose a statement of purpose that will tell you why you want to learn something new and the knowledge, skills and abilities you must acquire or improve upon.


What are your learning objectives

Based upon the three paragraphs above, identify the skills, abilities and knowledge you must acquire or improve upon. Briefly state what employment-related advantage each will give you. (Alumnus.Caltech.Edu, 1995).




Wikipedia (2007) “Career Management”

Available from:

Accessed: 10-25-07


Rouda,R & Kusy, Jr., M. (1995)  “Career Development” Alumnus.Caltech.Edu

Available from:

Accessed: 10-25-07

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