Guide on How to Write University Essays, Courseworks, Assignments and Dissertations

Environment and Sustainable Development

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The issue of environment and sustainable development is fairly comprehensive as well as complex. The relation between environment and development was globally recognized in the year 1980 when the International Union for the Conservation of Nature published the World Conservation Strategy and used the term "sustainable development”. Environmental sustainability is defined as “the ability of the environment to continue to function properly indefinitely”. (Wikipedia, 2007). Environmental sustainability can be achieved when human activity utilizes natural resources at a rate at which the resources can be naturally replenished.


Sustainable development can also be explained as “development that takes the impact on the environment into account and tries to minimize environmental damage”. (, 2007). In order to promote the “green causes” all businesses; whether large or small should get actively involved. Today, many large corporations are actively supporting the cause with their entire ad campaigns and presenting themselves as “environmentally-friendly”. The practice is not just restricted to large companies but small businesses as well who are getting involved in sustainable development activities by adopting environmentally sound business principles and effectively implementing them.


The Environment and Sustainable Development Research Centre at UNB serves an effective connection between the University and government, industry, and the non-profit community on an array of issues related to environmental management and sustainable development. It is through education, outreach, research and community involvement that ESDRC (The Environment and Sustainable Development Research Centre) is able to impart valuable knowledge and enhance understanding.


According to the Environment and Sustainable Development Programme (ESD), “total amount of human activity must be kept within the limit of capability of the Earth both in the regional scale and in the global scale” is a crucial tenet for solving our environmental problems”. (United Nations University, 2007). When human activity exerts an impact on the environment that goes beyond sustainable limits; environmental complication and issues inescapably arise.


There are essentially two kinds of constraints on human activities that may be imposed by our mother Earth: the limitation of finite resource supplies and the functional capacity of the ecosystem. (United Nations University, 2007).


The first constraint can be explained thus. Let us take the example of a finite resource like petroleum. One can clearly visualize that in time; the production of petroleum will reach a peak and then start to decline due to the fact that it cannot be replenished, hence it is termed as a finite resource.


The second constraint can be described as the quantity of sunlight that reaches the earth’s surface. This in turn “limits the environmental capacity of local ecosystems and the rate of replenishment of renewable (biological) resources”. (United Nations University, 2007).


When we talk about pollution, it is essentially the inability of the ecosystem to handle the by-product of human activity. This is primarily because the capacity of the eco-system to handle pollution has exceeded the limit. Ecosystem destruction on the hand occurs when an inexhaustible resource like wood is used at a faster rate than it can be regenerated.




Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia (2007) “Sustainable Development”

Available from: wiki/Sustainable_development

Accessed: 10/26/2007


Ward, Susan, (2007) “Sustainable Development”

Available from: environmentbiz/g/sustainabledev.htm

Accessed: 10/26/2007


Yasui, Itaru, United Nations University (2007) “Environment and Sustainable Development Programme (ESD)”

Available from:

Accessed: 10/26/2007

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S/T/43. Analysis of Planning and Policy Statement on climate change

C/T/51. Sustainable Development between two Cities: Newcastle and Birmingham

E/T/26. Contemporary Government and Governance: Critically assess the aims and implementation of Greenbelts in Scotland

E/T/16. Ecological aspects of tourism

C/T/39. Environmental Concerns of Free Trade

P/T/48. Development of wind farms in Australia: pros and cons

C/T/38. Tourism and Coastal Degradation

P/T/38. Implications of international business for countries sustainable development

P/T/36. Pressures of ski resorts on local communities and ecosystems

P/T/33. Economic and environmental effects of sustainable tourism in developing countries

P/T/32. Does ethnic tourism contribute to sustainable development of local communities?

P/T/31. Cost and benefits of tourist industry development in Dubai

S/T/12. What are the validity and the truth of the following arguments: All elements of the tourism industry destroy the environment; Hotels are an element of the tourism industry; Hotels destroy the environment?

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