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Guide on How to Write University Essays, Courseworks, Assignments and Dissertations

Sociology and Gender Issues

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Before you can truly understand the sociology of gender issues, it is first important to differentiate gender from sex. This will enable researches to know the sociology and psychology of the male and female psyche without confusing them with biological and even genetic factors.

 

SEX

 

Let us first look into the sociology of sex. Basically, people can be categorised into two main categories which are male of female. The female is the one who has the two X chromosomes and she is the one to bear any offspring. Meanwhile, the male has the XY chromosome wherein the Y chromosome is shorter compared to the X chromosome (Jackson).

GENDER

 

On the other hand, gender is a perceived purpose to add a projected factor in humans. To understand gender, it is important to fully understand the process of sociology for both male and female. Sociology of these factors is delineated by the norms and behaviors that an individual is expected to perform depending on their gender. When an individual accepts these roles, they behave in such a way that is expected of them, so that they will belong to the right gender category (wikipedia2007 [online]).

 

However, unlike sex, gender roles can change. It is also not that simple to understand the sociology of gender because a lot of factors can influence it including culture, tradition, parents, peers, and even society as a whole. For example, people usually associate a male to have characteristics such as courage, aggressiveness, and masculinity. People will also associate female with feminine traits such as empathy, receptiveness, and submissiveness. Because of this, boys are expected to play with toy soldiers while females are expected to play with dolls.

 

It is important to note though, that these characteristics will not always be followed. The boy who used to play with toy soldiers might suddenly decide that he wants to have more feminine traits such as sensitivity and gentleness as he grows older. This might not change his sex or his gender but he no longer behaves as most would expect him to. This is where sociology comes in (Thorne 1998).

 

SOCIOLOGY AND GENDER ISSUES

 

There are several gender issues that may be attributed to biology. This indicates that there are social constructions that may already be present even without the influence of the outside environment on a person.

 

Understanding the sociology of gender issues is not a simple task. In the workplace or even in society, you will notice that there are differences as well as inequality because of gender. The sociology that people are accustomed to does play a role of why these inequalities are present. For example, being in the female gender can be quite challenging for some women because they have to deal with income disparity as well as limited job opportunities in some areas. Sociology is more complicated than that though, because the situation of one woman in one side of the globe is different from the situation of a woman in another. As you can see, sociology goes deeper than gender issue; you may also need to tackle national, racial, religious, and ethnic issues as well (Kramer 2000).

 

 

References

 

Kramer, Sarah.  The Sociology of Gender. 2000 edition.

 

Jackson, S.  Heterosexuality in Question.

 

 

Thorne, B. Gender Play: Boys and Girls in School. 1998 Edition

 

URL http://www.wikipedia.com[online source]. Last accessed 7 November 4, 2007.

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